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Regional Archaeological Project "Land of Ninive" (PARTeN)


ARCHAEOLOGY

Regional Archaeological Project "Land of Ninive" (PARTeN)

Coordinator: Prof. Daniele Morandi Bonacossi
Member: Dr. Marco Iamoni
Website: Terra di Ninive

The research group works within the framework of the Land of Nineveh Archaeological Project (LoNAP) and concerns the province of Dohuk, in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. The project aims at investigating a large area of the Kurdish territory (about 3000 km2) through the use of various techniques, such as intensive and extensive surface surveys, limited geoarchaeological surveys, sampling for soil analysis, archaeological excavation).

The LoNAP is a multidisciplinary project following four main research lines:

  • the study of the settlement patterns in the hinterland of Niniveh from the Palaeolithic to the Islamic Age;
  • the reconstruction of the landscape and the ancient natural environment of the region. The archaeological surveying activities is supported by the systematic sampling of the so-called palaeoenvironmental archives, in order to develop a database of information about the natural environment and the climate. This will help in determining the characteristics of the territory during the periods examined, and will thus allow the understanding of the role played by human settlements in the main transformations that affected the ancient landscape (i.e. intensive farming and environmental deterioration);
  • the excavation of the archaeological site Tell Gomel, with particular attention to the necropolis of the Middle Bronze Age and the Iron Age. By concentrating the research on two areas, the intention is to investigate the different phases of occupation of the biggest site of the region, and therefore to provide a guiding sequence (still lacking) for the stratigraphic phases and the material culture pertaining to the Bronze and the Iron Age. The role of Gomel is indeed crucial not only for LoNAP, but also for the whole region of the Upper Tigris in Iraq;
  • the study and documentation of the hydraulic system build by the Assyrian king Sennacherib. LoNAP aims at reconstructing with high precision the canalisation system realised at the end of the 8th century BC, by defining the routes, the significance and the impact of this system on the local agricultural productivity.

LINES OF RESEARCH

  • Regional investigation of the settlement patterns and of the use of the territory from Prehistory to the Contemporary Age
  • Reconstruction of the palaeoenvironment and palaeoclimate, as well as of their evolution
  • Definition of a sequence of diagnostic materials, valid for the region under examination