The Archives of the Municipalities
The research aims at understanding the management models applied by the municipalities for the registration of documents and the maintenance of their archives in the course of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. In particular, it intends to study how the municipalities governed the documentary production for administrative action in pre-unification Italy, while compliant with different regulations; how the local administration dealt with the archival management and the preservation of their own memory in the years from the Unification to the end of the 19th century; lastly, how the Italian municipalities and the professional communities of the secretaries and clerks working in the archives of local institutions received the reforms concerning logging, classification, creation and keeping of acts and archives introduced by the circular of the Ministry of the Interior nr. 17100-2 of the 1st March 1897, signed by Carlo Astengo.
The investigation also means to provide an annotated bibliography on contemporary handbooks, and to define the context for the development of a new, more modern way of working in an office and perceiving the archive. The main sources will be the books and handbooks available to the personnel of the municipalities, in addition to laws, regulations and circulars on this matter.
The research, started some time ago, has already led to the publication of some articles and two monographs: Norme sabaude per gli archivi dei comuni (Turin, 2012); L'archivio comunale dall'Unità al 1897. I manuali per i segretari comunali, i modelli di classificazione e la Circolare 17100-1 del 1885 (Roma, 2016).
The current investigation will focus on the years from 1897 to 1915.