Buried and Sunken Landscapes. Aquileia and Its Territory from the Eneolithic to the Iron Age
The research group in Prehistory and Protohistory of the University of Udine is dealing with a multi-annual project on Aquileia and its territory during the pre- and proto-historical age, in accordance with the regional Superintendence (Soprintendenza Archeologica del Friuli Venezia Giulia) and through the collaboration with external experts and interdepartmental cooperations. The project concerns various activities, among which the study and the publication of the prehistoric materials belonging to the collections of the Museo Nazionale di Aquileia (in addition to those found in the course of previous excavations organized by the Superintendence), surveys and new excavations in sites dating to the Bronze and Iron Age and educational and outreach activities.
Since 2013 the project consisted in the excavation of the protohistorical village in the locality of Ca' Baredi, in the nearby of Canale Anfora, more precisely in the municipality of Terzo di Aquileia (which lays South West of the ancient roman city). The purpose is to better understand the ways and processes of settlement in the territory of Aquileia, before Aquileia was even founded. Through a multidisciplinary approach, the project also aims at reconstructing the "sunken" landscape of the Friulian lowlands from the perspective of Anthropic Geography: the objective is thus to investigate the protohistorical cultural aspects in relation to the geomorphological, pedological, hydrological characteristics and, more in general, to the environmental factors which had the most significant impact on the evolution of the landscape over the centuries.
Another primary objective is the integration of the history of the Friulian lowlands with that of the highlands, a region rich in tumuli and "castellieri" (fortified boroughs) whose systematic and continuous analysis supplied a huge quantity of data which allowed a deep understanding of the general context.
Students of the University of Udine take part to the excavation activities: in fact, the project also aims at training in the archaeological stratigraphic practice and in the use of field research tools and methods.
LINES OF RESEARCH
- Study of the settlement dynamics, the types of settlements and the material culture within the area of Aquileia in the early history.
- Landscape Archaeology: the transformation of the anthropic landscape between protohistory and history.